On This Day
1942 > WW2
On This Day - 1942
- November 22, 1942
The minefield tender HMAS URALBA, was commissioned. URALBA was laid down in E Wright Yard, Tuncurry, NSW, in 1942. She was requisitioned for the RAN, from her owners, the North Coast Steam Navigation Co, NSW, on 13 July 1942.
- November 18, 1942
The Bathurst class minesweeper, (corvette), HMAS HORSHAM, was commissioned. HORSHAM was laid down in Williamstown Naval Dockyard, VIC, on 26 June 1941, and launched on 16 May 1942.
The Garden Island Company of the Volunteer Defence Corps commenced training. The Company was initially a RAN unit. It was armed with Oerlikon guns, machine-guns and small arms, and trained to resist commando-type raids on the dockyard. The unit was absorbed into the Army later in the war.
- November 16, 1942
The Bathurst class minesweeper, (corvette), HMAS GLENELG, was commissioned. GLENELG was laid down in Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney, on 2 March 1942, and launched on 22 September 1942. Mrs H. V. Evatt, (Wife of the Attorney- General and Minister for External Affairs), performed the launching ceremony.
- November 13, 1942
HMAS BURRA BRA, (target vessel), was commissioned. BURRA BRA was a former Sydney Harbour ferry, and was later employed as an anti-submarine training ship at Jervis Bay, NSW.
- November 12, 1942
Coastwatcher SBLT M. Wright, RANVR, was landed by the US submarine S42 at Adler Bay, New Britain, to determine the natives’ loyalty. Wright remained a week behind the Japanese lines, and was taken off by S42. He was awarded the DSC for outstanding gallantry.
HMAS FAURO CHIEF, (auxiliary ketch), drove off a Japanese submarine in a point-blank gun battle at Misima, Louisiade Archipelago. FAURO CHIEF matched her single Vickers machine-gun against the submarine’s 4-inch gun and other weapons.
- November 11, 1942
AB H. Hammond, RANR, was awarded the DSM for his courage and cool leadership. He commanded the single 4-inch gun mounted in the tanker ONDINA, in an engagement in which the tanker and her escort, HMIS BENGAL, defeated the heavily armed Japanese raiders HOKOKU MARU and AIKOKU MARU, in the Indian Ocean. 1943 The Fremantle-based US Submarines BOEFIN and CAPELIN, sank three Japanese ships. BOWFIN torpedoed two small tankers in Sibutu Passage, and CAPELIN torpedoed the transport KUNITAMA MARU, north of Timor.
- November 10, 1942
Australian Coastwatcher, LEUT P. E. Mason, RANVR, signalled from Buin:- ‘At least 61 ships this area viz 2 Nati, 1 Aoba, 1 Mogambi, 1 Kis, 1 Tatsuta, 2 sloops, 33 destroyers, 17 cargo, 2 tankers, and 1 passenger liner of 8000 tons’. Mason identified the cruisers by their class names from a page of Jane’s Fighting Ships.
- November 9, 1942
The Bathurst class minesweeper, (corvette), HMAS BOWEN, (LEUT G. L. Olsen, RAN), was commissioned. BOWEN was laid down in Walker’s Yard, Maryborough, QLD, on 9 February 1942, and launched on 11 July 1942. Mrs G. Crittall performed the launching ceremony.
- November 8, 1942
HMAS QUIBERON, (destroyer), participated in Operation Torch, the Allied landing in North Africa.
- November 7, 1942
Coastwatcher LEUT W. J. Read, RANVR, on the north end of Bougainville, reported a convoy of 12 Japanese ships steaming south for the Solomons.
The USN requisitioned the following Australian vessels between 7 and 17 November:- KAROORA, WORTANNA, MULCRA, NOORA, and ARGOSY LEMAL. The latter vessel was a small, auxiliary engined, schooner rigged coaster.