On This Day
1945 > WW2
On This Day - 1945
- October 18, 1945
The Q class destroyer HMAS QUADRANT was commissioned. QUADRANT was laid down in Hawthorn Leslie & Co Ltd Yard, Hebburn on Tyne, England, on 24 September 1940, and launched on 28 February 1942. QUADRANT served in the RN 1942-1945. She replaced HMAS NIZAM on transfer to the RAN. QUADRANT was converted to a fast anti-submarine frigate at Williamstown Naval Dockyard, VIC, in 1950-1953, and re-commissioned on 16 July 1953, (CAPT S. H. Beattie, VC, RN).
The Q class destroyer HMAS QUALITY was commissioned. QUALITY was laid down in Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Wallsend on Tyne, England, on 10 October 1940, and launched on 6 October 1941. QUALITY served in the RN 1942-1945. She replaced HMAS NAPIER on transfer to the RAN. QUALITY was laid up in reserve in June 1950.
The Q class destroyer HMAS QUEENSBOROUGH was commissioned. QUEENBOROUGH was laid down in Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Wallsend on Tyne, England, on 6 November 1940, and launched on 16 January 1942. QUEENBOROUGH served in the RN 1942-1945. She replaced HMAS NORMAN on transfer to the RAN. QUEENBOROUGH was converted to a fast anti-submarine frigate at Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney, in 1950-1954, and re-commissioned on 7 December 1954, (CMDR D. C. Wells, RAN)
- October 14, 1945
The DSC was awarded to LEUT E. J. Peel, RAN, and LCDR S. W. S. Scott, RAN(E), for conspicuous gallantry in the Battle of the Philippines. LEUT Peel’s award was for distinguished service while commanding HMAS GASCOYNE, (frigate), during the action off Luzon in January 1945. LCDR Scott’s award was for hazardous operations while commanding the smallest RAN vessel engaged in the Philippines campaign, ML 1074.
- October 9, 1945
Chief Stoker Percy Collins became the first Australian to be awarded a Bar to the Distinguished Service Medal. He was awarded the DSM for service in HMAS NAPIER off Crete in 1941, and the Bar for service in HMAS STRAHAN in the Pacific in 1945.
- October 1, 1945
The Japanese surrender of Ocean Island was signed on board HMAS DIAMANTINA. The RN was represented by the motor launch HMS KIA KIA.
- September 30, 1945
Japanese forces on Ocean Island surrendered to HMAS DIAMANTINA, (River class frigate).
- September 27, 1945
The British Navies laid 260,000 mines in WWII, which sank or damaged 1588 enemy vessels. The Axis laid 225,000 mines which claimed 1117 victims.
- September 26, 1945
HMAS STRAHAN was damaged by a mine explosion while sweeping a minefield off the China coast. The ship returned to Hong Kong for repairs.
- September 22, 1945
A BBC announcer described the scene in Tokyo Harbour, after the surrender ceremony:- ‘and there are the four Australian minesweepers BALLARAT, IPSWICH, PIRIE, and CESSNOCK. They are a husky bunch and without them the Fleet could not have operated’.
- September 19, 1945
HMAS SWAN, (sloop), accepted the Japanese surrender at Namatanai, New Ireland.
- September 17, 1945
US Submarines based in Australia during WWII, sank 25 destroyers, 17 frigates, four minesweepers, 10 submarine chasers, torpedo boats, and gunboats. Eighteen Australian-based submarines were lost through enemy action.