On This Day
1945 > WW2
On This Day - 1945
- September 13, 1945
The Japanese surrender of Nauru was signed on board HMAS DIAMANTINA, (frigate).
- September 12, 1945
HMAS HAWKESBURY, (River class frigate), became the first ship of the RAN to enter Singapore since the surrender to the Japanese in 1942.
The surrender of Japanese forces at Wewak, New Guinea, was signed aboard ML805.
- September 11, 1945
Japanese forces on Timor signed the surrender document on board HMAS MORESBY, (survey vessel/escort).
- September 10, 1945
The Japanese surrender of Kairiru and Muschu islands was signed on board ML805.
HMA Ships GLENELG, COOTAMUNDRA, JUNEE, and LATROBE, (minesweepers), embarked liberated POW’s at Ambon, and transported them to Morotai.
- September 9, 1945
HMA Ships BUNDABERG, KAPUNDA, BLACK SNAKE, RIVER SNAKE, and ML 1343, plus army craft used by SRD, AM 1629, AM 1499, AM 1983, and AM 1985, accepted the Japanese surrender at Kuching, Jesselton, and Sandakan, Borneo.
- September 8, 1945
HMAS VENDETTA, (destroyer), transported 28 released European POW’s from Rabaul to Madang, for repatriation to Australia.
- September 6, 1945
The surrender of Dutch Borneo was signed by the Japanese, in HMAS BURDEKIN, (frigate).
Twenty five per cent of the 76,000 mines laid by British naval forces in WWII, were manufactured in Australia. British mines were responsible for the sinking of 1070 enemy vessels and for damaging 540.
- September 2, 1945
The formal surrender of Japan was signed on the USS MISSOURI, (battleship), in Tokyo Bay. The RAN was represented by CDRE J. A. Collins, CB, and HMA Ships SHROPSHIRE, HOBART, WARRAMUNGA, NAPIER, NIZAM, BATAAN, IPSWICH, CESSNOCK, and BALLARAT.
HMAS VENDETTA, (destroyer), became the first Allied warship to enter Rabaul Harbour since the surrender in 1942.
RAN losses in WWII were:- 3 cruisers, 4 destroyers, 2 sloops, 3 minesweepers, and 22 miscellaneous vessels. Personnel losses in action were:-191 officers and 1832 ratings. Losses from other causes were:- 28 officers and 119 ratings.HMAS WARRNAMBOOL was lost while minesweeping off the Queensland coast, in 1947, but was included in the war losses because cessation of hostilities had not been proclaimed.
- September 1, 1945
CMDR G. D. Tancred, RAN, was awarded the DSC for conspicuous gallantry in surveying forward combat areas in New Guinea and the Philippines.
- August 30, 1945
CAPT H. Buchanan, RAN, in HMAS NAPIER, accepted the surrender of Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan. HMAS NIZAM, (CMDR W. F. Cook, RAN), leading HMAS NAPIER, (LEUT H. D. Stevenson), followed HMS KING GEORGE V into Tokyo Bay. They were the first RAN ships to enter the port after hostilities ceased.